This very limited selection of Pacamara is from the Las Margaritas Farm in the Valle del Cauca department in southern Colombia.
Brothers Luis and Rigoberto Herrera are the proprietors of a small group of farms in central Colombia: Cerro Azul, Las Margaritas, La Esperanza, Potosí, and Hawaii. Potosí was the family’s first finca, established in 1930 when Israel Correa and Carmen Rosa Vega, the Herrera’s grandmother, emigrated from the department of Antioquia.
Due to the unique drying process the Herrera’s have given the designation X.O. to the name to mean extra old as used in the Cognac industry as the very special old Cognacs.
The Pacamara coffee varietal is a creation of the Salvadoran Institute for Coffee Research (ISIC) back in 1958, which resulted from the crossing of Pacas and the Maragogipe varietals.
The Pacas is a natural mutation of the Bourbon varietal, as determined by research conducted by scientists of the University of Florida. The Pacas trees are shorter in size, have tighter internodes, and develop a compact foliage which help it endure tough climate conditions like tough winds, sunlight, and water scarcity. It is a real trooper… it is highly resistant to diseases, adapts to many growing conditions, and provides high production yields.
The Maragogipe is a mutation of the Typica varietal. The Maragogipe trees grow very tall in size and they produce some of the largest coffee seeds. This varietal does not produce high yields but the cup quality is remarkable.
The idea behind the creation of the Pacamara hybrid was to get the best of the two varietals. It was named PACAMARA in reference to the first four letters of each parent varietal.
It took approximately 30 years of careful scientific research to create the Pacamara varietal. It was released to coffee producers in the late 1980’s.